• inclusion behavior;
  • mold;
  • rotating magnetic field;
  • submerged entry nozzle;
  • swirl flow

Previous studies have verified that a swirl flow generated in a submerged entry nozzle (SEN) can effectively improve a flow pattern and a heat transfer in a continuous casting (CC) process. In order to obtain a further in-depth understanding with respect to the effect of a swirl flow on a CC process, the inclusion behavior in a SEN and a mold was studied in the present work. The flow field and the temperature field of molten steel as well as the inclusion behavior in a SEN and a square bloom mold were simulated under the influence of a rotating electromagnetic field (swirl generator). Also, the influence of different inclusion parameters such as the densities, sizes, and boundary conditions, on the inclusion behavior was studied. The results show that a flow pattern in a SEN can be characterized into three distinct flow regions: an accelerating flow of molten steel from an electromagnetic swirl flow generator (EMSFG) inlet to an EMSFG center, a decelerating flow of molten steel from an EMSFG center to an EMSFG outlet, and a recirculation flow of molten steel from an EMSFG outlet to an SEN outlet. In addition, it was found that light Al2O3 inclusion moves towards the rotational center by a centrifugal force, and that a swirl flow prevents nozzle clogging. Moreover, it was also found that the inclusion separation to a mold meniscus increased and that the inclusions trapped into a solidified shell wall decreased when using a swirl flow.