This article is a U.S. Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
Article first published online: 11 AUG 2003
Published 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Seminars in Surgical Oncology
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 19–22, 2003
How to Cite
Sobin, L. H. (2003), TNM, sixth edition: New developments in general concepts and rules. Semin. Surg. Oncol., 21: 19–22. doi: 10.1002/ssu.10017
The opinions and assertions contained herein are the expressed views of the author and are not to be construed as official or reflecting the views of the departments of the Army or Defense.
- Issue published online: 11 AUG 2003
- Article first published online: 11 AUG 2003
- sentinel node;
- isolated tumor cell;
- residual tumor;
- treated tumors;
This article describes changes and clarifications in the 6th edition of TNM that concern site-independent rules, regarding such aspects as sentinel lymph node biopsy, methods to distinguish between micrometastasis and isolated tumor cells, classification of tumors undergoing treatment, tumor deposits in lymph drainage beds, the number of lymph nodes needed for pathologic classification, and classification of residual tumor. These changes mainly reflect advances in diagnosis and treatment, and modulate rather than change the basic rules of classification. Semin. Surg. Oncol. 21:19–22, 2003. Published 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.