Evaluation of the Degree of Starch Gelatinization by a New Enzymatic Method

Authors

  • Romina D. Di Paola,

    1. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
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  • Ramon Asis,

    1. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
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  • Mario A. J. Aldao

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
    • Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Medina Allende Esq. Haya de la Torre, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina. Phone: +54 0351 4334164/ ext. 105, Fax +54 0351 4333048
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Abstract

In this work, a new enzymatic method is proposed to evaluate the degree of starch gelatinization in starchy food and feed. The procedure developed is based on the fact that the gelatinization process enhances the chemical reactivity of inert starch granules towards amylolytic enzymes. Aqueous suspensions of maize starch were treated at different temperatures to obtain different degrees of gelatinization, from 25 °C (control without gelatinization) until 95 °C. Heated samples were then incubated with a glucoamylase. The enzymatic activity was measured by the glucose released during the digestion time by using a standard glucose oxidase method. The initial velocity value of the enzymatic reaction (Vi) was selected as the parameter to quantify the degree of starch gelatinization (DG). Changes in granule morphology and the starch available for hydrolysis were evaluated by photomicrographs. The new method was standardized and compared with DSC and viscosity measurements in order to check its efficiency, considering the DG observed by photomicrographs. A good agreement was observed between the DG calculated by Vi and by DSC (correlation coefficient r = 0, 97), thus Vi reflect the degree of starch gelatinization as well as DSC. These results show that the developed enzymatic procedure is an effective method to evaluate the DG in starchy foods and feeds.

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