Analytical, Biochemical and Physicochemical Aspects of Starch Granule Size, with Emphasis on Small Granule Starches: A Review

Authors

  • Nienke Lindeboom,

    1. Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
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  • Peter R. Chang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon, Canada
    • Research Scientist of Bioproducts and Bioprocesses National Science Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 107 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 0X2, Canada. Phone: +306-956-7637, Fax: +306-956-7247.
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  • Robert T. Tyler

    1. Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
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Abstract

Granule size, size distribution and shape are among the most important morphologically distinguishing factors of starches from different origins. This article provides an overview of aspects related to starch granule size, including procedures for determining the size, the impact of granule size on the physicochemical characteristics of starch, and biosynthetic and environmental determinants of granule size. The focus is on small granule starches, including their isolation and current and potential utilization.

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