Effect of Various Processing Methods on the Physical Properties of Cooked Rice and on in vitro Starch Hydrolysis and Blood Glucose Response in Rats



The effects of various cooking methods on the physical and structural properties cooked rice, on the in vitro hydrolysis of the contained starch and on blood glucose response in rats were investigated. At optimum cooking state, a larger filamentous network was formed and most of the starch granules were fragmented, furthermore the samples heated by microwave and electric cooker showed a more compact structure compared to those treated in an autoclave or stone pot. The highest degree of gelatinization (DG) was observed in the sample treated in an autoclave (75.2%), followed by stone pot (71.1%), electric cooker (66.9%) and microwave oven (64.6%). The highest firmness (3.49 N) was observed in cooked rice heated by microwaves and no significant differences (p > 0.05) were found between the other samples. All cooked rice samples showed increased pasting temperatures and decreased peak viscosity compared to those of raw rice flour. The starch hydrolysis rates and their kinetic constants of cooked rice samples increased with increase in DG, and relatively higher values were observed in samples treated in the autoclave and stone pot. There was a significant difference in the blood glucose content depending on cooking methods, and the highest glucose level was observed in the sample heated by autoclaving.