SIRT6 Regulates Osteogenic Differentiation of Rat Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Partially via Suppressing the Nuclear Factor-κB Signaling Pathway

Authors

  • Hualing Sun,

    1. The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China
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  • Yanru Wu,

    1. The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China
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  • Dongjie Fu,

    1. The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China
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  • Yinchen Liu,

    1. The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China
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  • Cui Huang

    Corresponding author
    1. The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China
    • Correspondence: Cui Huang, PhD, The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Ministry of Education, School, and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, People's Republic of China. Telephone: 86–278-768–6130; Fax: 86–278-787–3260; e-mail: huangcui@whu.edu.cn

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Abstract

Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is a NAD-dependent deacetylase involved in lifespan regulation. To evaluate the effect of SIRT6 on osteogenesis, rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) with enhanced or reduced SIRT6 function were developed. We observed that SIRT6 knockdown significantly reduced the mRNA levels of several key osteogenic markers in vitro, including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), and osteocalcin, while overexpression of SIRT6 enhanced their expression. Additionally, SIRT6 knockdown activated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcriptional activity and upregulated the expression of acetyl-NF-κB p65 (Lys310). The decreased osteogenic differentiation ability of rBMSCs could be partially rescued by the addition of NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11–7082. Furthermore, SIRT6 overexpression in rBMSCs combined with the use of collagen/chitosan/hydroxyapatite scaffold could significantly boost new bone formation in rat cranial critical-sized defects, as determined by microcomputed tomography and histological examination. These data confirm that SIRT6 is mainly located in the nuclei of rBMSCs and plays an essential role in their normal osteogenic differentiation, partly by suppressing NF-κB signaling. Stem Cells 2014;32:1943–1955

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