Letter to the Editor
Detachment of Mesenchymal Stem Cells with Trypsin/EDTA Has No Effect on Apoptosis Detection
Version of Record online: 17 JUN 2014
© 2014 AlphaMed Press
Volume 32, Issue 7, pages 1991–1992, July 2014
How to Cite
Hemming, S., Cakouros, D. and Gronthos, S. (2014), Detachment of Mesenchymal Stem Cells with Trypsin/EDTA Has No Effect on Apoptosis Detection. STEM CELLS, 32: 1991–1992. doi: 10.1002/stem.1710
- Issue online: 17 JUN 2014
- Version of Record online: 17 JUN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 26 MAR 2014 07:33AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 9 MAR 2014
- Mesenchymal stem cells;
- Flow cytometry;
- Cell culture
Hui and colleagues have raised the concern that the detection of cell surface Annexin V staining on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) following treatment with the enhancer of Zeste homology 2 (EZH2) inhibitor, DZNep (Sequoia Research, Pangbourne, United States, http://www.seqchem.com/) may have been compromised due to the use of Trypsin/EDTA to detach the adherent cells in our recent publication “EZH2 and KDM6A Act as an Epigenetic Switch to Regulate MSC lineage specification” . Specifically, it is proposed that EDTA could affect the structure of the plasma membrane and chelate Ca2+ preventing the binding of Annexin V protein to the phosphatidylserine [2-4]. However, different manufacturers specify the use of Trypsin/EDTA, and not EDTA-free trypsin for detaching adherent cells prior to staining for Annexin V, where Trypsin/EDTA has been used by various studies for a wide range of adherent cell types [5-12].
While the Letter to the Editor by Hui and colleagues, published in this article, use the example that DZNep has been previously shown to induced apoptosis in human colon cancer stem cells , our study  found that DZNep had no effect on the apoptosis status of human bone marrow-derived MSC, in accord with other studies reporting that DZNeP is not harmful for nontransformed cells at tumor-inhibiting doses . The discrepancy in DZNep sensitivity between normal stem cells and cancer stem cells may be due to aberrant levels of EZH2 in cancer cells required for survival [15, 16].
In order to determine whether EDTA influences Annexin V binding on MSC, we performed the Annexin V protocol with either Trypsin/EDTA (Sigma Aldrich, NSW, Australia, http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/australia.html) as described in our published study , or with EDTA-free Collagenase I (2 mg/ml Worthington Biochemical Corporation, NJ, United States of America, http://www.worthington-biochem.com/default.html). Two different human MSC cultures were treated with 5 µM of the potent apoptotic drug, doxorubicin (Sapphire Biosciences, NSW, Australia, http://www.sapphirebioscience.com/) for 24 hours prior to Annexin V staining. Single-cell suspensions were harvested by either Trypsin/EDTA or Collagenase I treatment then washed with Hanks Balanced Salt Solution (Sigma Aldrich, NSW, Australia, http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/australia.html) supplemented with 5% fetal calf serum (FCS; SAFC Biosciences, Sydney, NSW, Australia, http://www.safcglobal.com/safc-global/en-us/home.html). The cells were further washed twice with cold phosphate buffered saline prior to cell staining for Annexin V as specified in the manufacturer's protocol (Annexin V conjugates Alexa Fluro 488, for apoptosis detection, Life Technologies, VIC, Australia, http://www.lifetechnologies.com/au/). Flow cytometry was used to determine the levels of Annexin V staining under each condition. Cells treated with doxorubicin without Annexin V staining were used for negative gating. Flow cytometric analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the mean fluorescence levels between Trypsin/EDTA and collagenase I-treated MSC (Fig. 1). These results support recent findings by another group that reported no difference in Annexin V staining of apoptotic cells, following Trypsin/EDTA and Trypsin-free EDTA treatment, using two different adherent cell lines . Therefore, we believe the use of Trypsin/EDTA for cell detachment has little influence on the measurement of early cell apoptosis by Annexin V staining on human MSC as we have previously reported .
Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest
The authors indicate no potential conflicts of interest.
S.H.: experimental design, experimental procedures, data analysis, manuscript preparation; D.C.: experimental design, experimental procedures, data analysis, manuscript preparation; S.G.: project development, experimental design, data analysis, manuscript preparation, financial support.
- 5Mullerian inhibiting substance suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis and autophagy in endometriosis cells in vitro. ISRN Obstet Gynecol 2013;2013:361489., , et al.
- 6Flow cytometry method analysis of apoptosis: No significant difference between EDTA and EDTA-free trypsin treatment procedure. Technol Cancer Res Treat 2014;3:3., , et al.