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Keywords:

  • Human cord blood-mesenchymal stem cells;
  • Acute renal failure;
  • Tubular cells;
  • Kidney repair

Abstract

In search for new sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for renal repair in acute kidney injury (AKI), we investigated the potential of human cord blood (CB)-MSCs to cure mice with AKI. Infusion of CB-MSCs in immunodeficient mice with cisplatin-induced AKI ameliorated both renal function and tubular cell injury, and prolonged survival. Transplanted CB-MSCs localized in peritubular areas, limited capillary alterations and neutrophil infiltration. Apoptosis reduced and tubular cell proliferation increased by virtue of stem cell capacity to produce growth factors. The reno-protective effect of CB-MSCs was further confirmed by their ability to inhibit oxidative damage and to induce the prosurvival factor Akt in tubular cells. The evidence that CB-MSCs in vitro increased the production of growth factors and inhibited IL-1β and TNFα synthesis when cocultured with damaged proximal tubular cells indicates a regenerative and anti-inflammatory action of stem cell treatment. Altogether these results highlight the potential of human CB-MSCs as future cell therapy for testing in human AKI. STEM CELLS 2010;28:513–522