We studied how nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) regulate glutamate release in the secondary motor area (Fr2) of the dorsomedial murine prefrontal cortex, in the presence of steady agonist levels. Fr2 mediates response to behavioral situations that require immediate attention and is a candidate for generating seizures in the frontal epilepsies caused by mutant nAChRs. Morphological analysis showed a peculiar chemoarchitecture and laminar distribution of pyramidal cells and interneurons. Tonic application of 5 µM nicotine on Layer V pyramidal neurons strongly increased the frequency of spontaneous glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic currents. The effect was inhibited by 1 µM dihydro-β-erythroidine (which blocks α4-containing nAChRs) but not by 10 nM methyllicaconitine (which blocks α7-containing receptors). Excitatory postsynaptic currents s were also stimulated by 5-iodo-3-[2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy]pyridine, selective for β2-containing receptors, in a dihydro-β-erythroidine -sensitive way. We next studied the association of α4 with different populations of glutamatergic terminals, by using as markers the vesicular glutamate transporter type (VGLUT) 1 for corticocortical synapses and VGLUT2 for thalamocortical projecting fibers. Immunoblots showed higher expression of α4 in Fr2, as compared with the somatosensory cortex. Immunofluorescence showed intense VGLUT1 staining throughout the cortical layers, whereas VGLUT2 immunoreactivity displayed a more distinct laminar distribution. In Layer V, colocalization of α4 nAChR subunit with both VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 was considerably stronger in Fr2 than in somatosensory cortex. Thus, in Fr2, α4β2 nAChRs are expressed in both intrinsic and extrinsic glutamatergic terminals and give a major contribution to control glutamate release in Layer V, in the presence of tonic agonist levels. Synapse 00:000–000, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.