An early version of this manuscript was presented as a conference paper: E. Suh, M.R. Furst, K.J. Mihalyov, and O.L. de Weck, Technology infusion: An assessment framework and case study, ASME Int Des Eng Tech Conf Comput Inform Eng Conf, August 3–6, 2008, DETC2008-49860.
Technology infusion for complex systems: A framework and case study†
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 13, Issue 2, pages 186–203, Summer 2010
How to Cite
Suh, E. S., Furst, M. R., Mihalyov, K. J. and Weck, O. d. (2010), Technology infusion for complex systems: A framework and case study. Syst. Engin., 13: 186–203. doi: 10.1002/sys.20142
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 16 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Received: 1 JUL 2008
- technology infusion, system integration, incremental innovation, DSM, NPV, product value
Manufacturing companies in today's competitive environment constantly need to develop new technologies and infuse them into their line of products to stay ahead of the competition. Most new technologies only deliver value once they are successfully infused into a parent system. However, there has been little research done to develop formal methods to assess the impact of new technology infusion into existing products and systems. In this paper, a systematic framework to quantify and assess the impact of technology infusion early in the product planning cycle is proposed. The proposed methodology quantitatively estimates the impact of technology infusion through the use of a Design Structure Matrix (DSM) and the creation of a Delta DSM (ΔDSM) describing the changes to the original system due to the infused technology. The cost for technology infusion is then estimated from the ΔDSM, and the potential market impact of the technology is calculated based on customer value, expressed through utility curves for system technical performance measures. Finally, the probabilistic ΔNPV of a newly infused technology is obtained using Monte Carlo simulation. The proposed methodology was demonstrated on an actual complex printing system, represented as an 84 element DSM with a density of 3.7%, where a newly developed value-enhancing technology was infused into the existing product. The result shows that a positive marginal net present value ΔNPV can be expected, despite the new technology causing an invasiveness of 8.5% to the existing design. The methodology can be applied in a rigorous and repeatable manner, opening up possibilities for further implementation of the proposed framework, including analysis of the interactions amongst multiple technologies. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Syst Eng