Syntheses of semiconductor nanoparticles using single-molecular precursors

Authors

  • Nigel L. Pickett,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Manchester Materials Science Center, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom
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  • Paul O’Brien

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Manchester Materials Science Center, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom
    • Department of Chemistry and Manchester Materials Science Center, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom
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Abstract

Methods for the preparation of II-VI, III-V, and II-V as well as other compound semiconductor nanoparticles using main group single-molecular precursors have been developed. The work involves the design and synthesis of compounds containing all the elements required within the desired nanoparticulate material. Precursors are tailored to give reproducible, clean decomposition at moderate temperatures, leading to high quality, defect free, mono-dispersed nanoparticles. In this article we cover key aspects of precursor and nanoparticle synthesis. One of the more successful and reproducible series of single-source precursors used, and the one on which we have concentrated our research efforts, is the bis(dialkyldithio-/diseleno-carbamato)cadmium(II)/zinc(II) compounds, M(E2CNR2)2 (M = Zn or Cd, E = S or Se, and R = alkyl) for the preparation of chalcogenide nanoparticulate materials. Preliminary mechanistic studies suggest that the precursor to nanoparticle deposition route is strongly influenced by the alkyl substituent groups present, and may well determine the phase and quality of the final metal chalcogenide nanoparticles produced. Herein we discuss the synthesis of semiconductor nanoparticles using such single-molecular precursors. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and The Japan Chemical Journal Forum Chem Rec 1:467–479, 2001

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