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Keywords:

  • liquid crystals;
  • polymerization;
  • self-assembly;
  • surface chemistry

Abstract

We established hybrid, horizontal, vertical, and vertical-twisted alignment of discotic liquid crystals on web-coating thin film. Newly developed materials are the photopolymerizable discotic liquid crystals, in order to fix desired novel alignment, the alignment promoters that deposit toward air surface during web coating, followed by drying of solvent, and then accomplish desired alignment of liquid crystals, the alignment layers that promote desired alignment of liquid crystals from the substrate side and the chiral agents, which have strong chiral powers in small amounts. Hybrid aligned discotic liquid crystal thin film has proven quite effective in expanding the viewing angle of thin film transistor liquid crystal displays. © 2002 The Japan Chemical Journal Forum and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Chem Rec 2:59–80, 2002: Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI 10.1002/tcr.10015