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Electrochemistry of graphene: new horizons for sensing and energy storage



Graphene is a new 2D nanomaterial with outstanding material, physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. In this review, we first discuss the methods of preparing graphene sheets and their chemistry. Following that, the fundamental reasons governing the electrochemistry of graphene are meaningfully described. Graphene is an excellent electrode material with the advantages of conductivity and electrochemistry of sp2 carbon but without the disadvantages related to carbon nanotubes, such as residual metallic impurities. We highlight important applications of graphene and graphene nanoplatelets for sensing, biosensing, and energy storage. © 2009 The Japan Chemical Journal Forum and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Chem Rec 9: 211–223; 2009: Published online in Wiley InterScience ( DOI 10.1002/tcr.200900008