Suchman describes the Illinois Studies in Inquiry Training Project at the University of Illinois. Three conditions facilitating inquiry in classroom settings are identified: a focus for attention, freedom, and a responsive environment. The elaboration of these conditions and the shift in motivation which results from creating them are discussed. Examples of the inquiry training process are presented. A pilot study is reported wherein it was discovered that children who rated high on cognitive control, impulsivity, and autonomy were more effective inquirers than children who were low on any of these three factors.