The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) has been widely used as a measure of anxiety in the psychological literature. A new form (STAI-Y) has recently been developed and some psychometric data were available from one previous study of Air Force recruits. In order to validate the instrument's use with preservice elementary teachers, a factor analytic study was undertaken. Preservice elementary teachers (N = 103) were administered the self-report instrument during a required science course. A restricted principal components analysis with iterations was employed as the factoring technique. A four-factor solution accounting for 58.8% of the variance resulted, with a factor-loading pattern very similar to the earlier study. This result, along with high-interval consistency levels, supports the use of the instrument with preservice elementary teachers.