Distributed-series compensator for controlling voltage in distribution line with clustered distributed generations

Authors

  • Rejeki Simanjorang,

    Member, Corresponding author
    1. Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Eng., Graduate School of Eng., Osaka University, 2-1, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
    • Energy Semiconductor Electronics Research Lab., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1, Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan
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  • Yushi Miura,

    Member
    1. Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Eng., Graduate School of Eng., Osaka University, 2-1, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
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  • Toshifumi Ise

    Member
    1. Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Eng., Graduate School of Eng., Osaka University, 2-1, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
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Abstract

A method of controlling voltage profile in distribution line with many distributed generations (DGs) using distributed-series compensator (D-SC) is proposed. These DGs are assumed to be clustered photovoltaics (PVs) which are installed at residential area. A large power injected by PVs may result in reverse power flow from PVs to main source, which can lead to overvoltage in the distribution line. To mitigate this problem, it is proposed to install D-SCs close to pole transformer of the distribution line. A D-SC is a series compensator that can imitate characteristic of negative resistance and reactance, while reverse power flow occurs in distribution line. This is carried out by injecting active and reactive power to the distribution line through voltage injection. Providing active power for the D-SC is done by a bidirectional rectifier which is connected to the secondary side of a pole transformer. The effectiveness of the proposed method is achieved by the improvement of voltage profile with small capacity of D-SC and bidirectional rectifier. Theoretical analysis is discussed and simulation results are shown to verify the proposed method. Copyright © 2009 Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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