• (1)
    Ogasa M. Energy saving and environmental measures in railway technologies. IEEJ Transactions 2008; 3: 1520.
  • (2)
    Ogasa M, Sameshima H, Yamamoto T. Development and running test results of a contact-wire-less tramcar using lithium ion rechargeable battery. IEEJ Research Paper on Transportation and Electric Railway 2004; 04(51): 2934 (in Japanese).
  • (3)
  • (4)
    Bombardier. First catenary-free and contact-less operating tram., 2009.
  • (5)
    Steiner M, Scholten. J. Energy storage in board of DC fed railway vehicles. PESC Conference Proceedings 2004; 1: 666671.
  • (6)
  • (7)
    Debruyne M. Some tendencies among others in electric traction., 2009, EEA Lille 12-3-09 (in French).
  • (8)
    François Lacôte. Alstom-future trends in railway transportation. Japan Railway and Transport Review 2005; 42: 49.
  • (9)
    Sekijima Y, Kudo Y, Inui M, Monden Y, Toda S, Aoyama I. Development of energy storage system for DC electric rolling stock applying electric double layer capacitor. WCRR 2006; IP3(7): 17.
  • (10)
    Ogasa M, Taguchi Y. Power electronics technologies for a lithium ion battery tram. PCC Nagoya 2007; LS5-5-2: 13691375.
  • (11)
    Ogasa M. Hybrid railway electric vehicle. Electrical Review, Temporary Special Issue, 2008; ISSN0285-5860: 5460 (in Japanese).
  • (12)
    Onishi H, Akiyama S, Maeda T, Shibata D. Running test results of low floor battery-powered LRV, SWIMO-X. J-Rail 2008; 129-S4: 491494 (in Japanese).
  • (13)
    Saft. NHP module, technical bulletin, module characteristics of NHP 10–340, 2005.
  • (14)
    Siemens. Siemens' energy storage system reduces emissions by up to 80 metric tons per year and enables trams to operate without an overhead contact line. Siemens AG, press release material, 2009.
  • (15)
    RATP. Alstom: The Paris Transport Authority and Alstoms' experiment the STEEM project, for a tram again more saving and autonomous., 2009; (in French).
  • (16)
    JR East. Developing battery driven e.m.u. system., 2009; (in Japanese).