Selective staining methods for cartilage of rat fetal specimens previously treated with alizarin red S

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Abstract

A convenient method for staining cartilage with several basic stains after alizarin red S staining of bone was investigated in rat fetuses. It was found that bromophenol blue was useful and effective for staining of the margin and center areas of cartilage, even in specimens stored in glycerin for over 10 years. The specimens were washed in running tap water for 1 hr, and subsequently were immersed in water or in 70% ethanol at pH 4 for 1 hr or longer. The specimens were then stained with 0.005% bromophenol blue in 40% ethanol adjusted to pH 4 for 2 hr, or with 0.001% bromophenol blue in 40% ethanol adjusted to pH 4 for 24 hr. Furthermore, the bromophenol blue stain color actually faded when the specimens were immersed in water or in 70% ethanol at pH 8. Descending order of the stain-effective action on fetal rat cartilage for the basic stains tested was bromophenol blue, aniline blue, Evans blue, methyl violet, trypan blue, and water blue.

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