• bone morphogenetic protein;
  • silk fibroin;
  • microparticles;
  • drug delivery;
  • BMP-2;
  • BMP-9;
  • BMP-14


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are cytokines with strong ability to promote new bone formation. Herein, we report the use of silk fibroin microparticles as carriers for the delivery of BMP-2, BMP-9 or BMP-14. BMP-containing fibroin microparticles were prepared by a mild methodology using dropwise addition of ethanol, exhibiting mean diameters of 2.7 ± 0.3 µm. Encapsulation efficiencies varied between 67.9 ± 6.1 % and 97.7 ± 2.0 % depending on the type and the amount of BMP loaded. Release kinetics showed that BMP-2, BMP-9 and BMP-14 were released in two phases profile, with a burst release in the first two days followed by a slower release, for a period of 14 days. The release data were best explained by Korsmeyer's model and the Fickian model of drug diffusion. Silk fibroin microparticles can offer a promising approach for the sustained delivery of different BMPs in tissue engineering applications. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.