To assess the prevalence, prenatal detection rate, and associated anomalies of congenital curly toe in an unselected obstetric population.
Between September 2001 and July 2002, 1167 singleton fetuses in the second and third trimesters underwent routine prenatal ultrasound at our hospital. Congenital curly toe was diagnosed when the fourth or fifth toe was not fully delineated on the axial image with medial and plantar flexion on the coronal image. All neonates underwent a physical examination within 3 days after delivery. Radiography was performed on those infants with curly toe. We assessed the prevalence, prenatal detection rate, and associated anomalies of the condition.
There were 38 congenital curly toes among the 1167 neonates, yielding a total prevalence of 32.6 per 1000. In 26 of the 38 the fourth toe was curly and in 12 the fifth toe was curly. Of those in which the fourth toe was curly, 26.9% involved the right toe, 65.4% the left, and 7.7% involved both toes. For a curly fifth toe, these values were 25.0%, 16.7% and 58.3%, respectively. There was no associated structural anomaly, chromosomal abnormality, or syndrome in any case. Sixteen of the 38 curly toes were detected on prenatal ultrasound, including 13 of 26 with the fourth toe being curly and three of 12 with the fifth being curly.
Congenital curly toe is not an uncommon condition, and can be detected on the prenatal ultrasound. Although it usually appears as an isolated finding without clinical significance, thorough ultrasound examination of the fetus should be recommended. Copyright © 2004 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.