Transvaginal ultrasound predicts delayed response to chemotherapy and drug resistance in Stage I low-risk trophoblastic neoplasia
Article first published online: 29 JUN 2012
Copyright © 2012 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 99–105, July 2012
How to Cite
Cavoretto, P., Gentile, C., MangilI, G., Garavaglia, E., Valsecchi, L., Spagnolo, D., MONTOLI, S. and Candiani, M. (2012), Transvaginal ultrasound predicts delayed response to chemotherapy and drug resistance in Stage I low-risk trophoblastic neoplasia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 40: 99–105. doi: 10.1002/uog.11097
- Issue published online: 29 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 29 JUN 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 20 JAN 2012 05:13AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 DEC 2011
- gestational trophoblastic neoplasia;
- transvaginal ultrasound
Methotrexate (MTX) resistance is defined on the basis of the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) curve. The aim of this study was to identify low-risk non-metastatic patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) who can achieve resolution by continuing MTX treatment despite a transient hCG plateau.
Before starting chemotherapy, 24 patients with FIGO Stage I GTN underwent transvaginal ultrasonography with power Doppler in order to identify myometrial lesions (areas of increased echogenicity and increased power Doppler signal). Ultrasound response to chemotherapy was defined when myometrial lesions decreased in echogenicity, Doppler signal or size. When ultrasound response occurred, despite chemoresistance defined by hCG values, MTX treatment was continued.
MTX was continued in three out of seven chemoresistant patients because ultrasound suggested response to MTX. All three of these patients achieved a complete response, thus nearly halving the MTX-resistance rate.
Among patients who are candidates for second-line treatment on the basis of hCG, ultrasound may identify those in whom further MTX administration can induce a delayed complete response. Copyright © 2012 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.