• 1
    Weber AM, Walters MD, Piedmonte MR, Ballard LA. Anterior colporrhaphy: a randomized trial of three surgical techniques. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001; 185: 12991304.
  • 2
    Dietz HP, Chantarasorn V, Shek KL. Levator avulsion is a risk factor for cystocele recurrence. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010; 36: 7680.
  • 3
    Vollebregt A, Fischer K, Gietelink D, van der Vaart CH. Primary surgical repair of anterior vaginal prolapse a randomised trial comparing anatomical and functional outcome between anterior colporrhaphy and trocar-guided transobturator anterior mesh. BJOG 2011; 118: 15181527.
  • 4
    Adekanmi OA, Freeman R, Puckett M, Jackson S. Cystocele: does anterior repair fail because we fail to correct the fascial defects? A clinical and radiological study Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2005; 16: S73.
  • 5
    Altman D, Väyrynen T, Engh ME, Axelsen S, Falconer C; Nordic Transvaginal Mesh Group. Anterior colporrhaphy versus transvaginal mesh for pelvic-organ prolapse. New Engl J Med 2011; 364: 18261836.
  • 6
    Wong V, Shek K, Goh J, Rane A, Dietz H. Should mesh be used for cystocele repair? Long-term outcomes of a case–control series. Int Urogynecol J 2011; 22: S91.
  • 7
    Nguyen JN, Burchette RJ. Outcome after anterior vaginal prolapse repair: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 111: 891898.
  • 8
    Sivaslioglu AA, Unlubilgin E, Dolen I. A randomized comparison of polypropylene mesh surgery with site-specific surgery in the treatment of cystocele. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2008; 19: 467471.
  • 9
    Wong V, Shek KL, Goh J, Rane A, Dietz HP. Is levator avulsion a predictor for cystocele recurrence following anterior compartment mesh? Neurourol Urodyn 2011; 30: 879880.
  • 10
    Weemhoff M, Vergeldt TF, Notten K, Serroyen J, Kampschoer PH, Roumen FJ. Avulsion of puborectalis muscle and other risk factors for cystocele recurrence a 2-year follow-up study. Int Urogynecol J 2012; 23: 6571.
  • 11
    Model A, Shek KL, Dietz HP. Levator defects are associated with prolapse after pelvic floor surgery. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2010; 153: 220223.
  • 12
    Shek KL, Dietz HP, Rane A, Balakrishnan S. Transobturator mesh for cystocele repair a short- to medium-term follow-up using 3D/4D ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2008; 32: 8286.
  • 13
    Dietz HP. Ultrasound imaging of the pelvic floor. Part II: three-dimensional or volume imaging. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 23: 615625.
  • 14
    Rodrigo N, Shek KL, Wong V, Dietz HP. Hiatal ballooning is an independent risk factor of prolapse recurrence. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2012; 40 (Suppl): S95S96.
  • 15
    Dietz HP, Lekskulchai O. Ultrasound assessment of prolapse: the relationship between prolapse severity and symptoms. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 29: 688691.
  • 16
    Dietz HP, Bernardo MJ, Kirby A, Shek KL. Minimal criteria for the diagnosis of avulsion of the puborectalis muscle by tomographic ultrasound. Int Urogynecol J 2011; 22: 699704.
  • 17
    Dietz HP, Shek C, Clarke B. Biometry of the pubovisceral muscle and levator hiatus by three-dimensional pelvic floor ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 25: 580585.
  • 18
    US Food and Drug Administration. Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh: Update on the Safety and Effectiveness of Transvaginal Placement for Pelvic Organ Prolpase. US FDA, 2011.
  • 19
    Bako A, Dhar R. Review of synthetic mesh-related complications in pelvic floor reconstructive surgery. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2009; 20: 103111.
  • 20
    Wong V, Shek KL, Lee J, Rosamilia A, Rane A, Iyer J, Dietz HP. A comparison of two different forms of mesh fixation. Int Urogynecol J 2012; 23 (Suppl): S124S126.
  • 21
    Dietz HP, Korda A, Benness C, Wong V, Shek KL, Daly O. Surgical reduction of the levator hiatus. Neurourol Urodyn 2012; 31: 862863.
  • 22
    Hankins K, Wong V, Dietz H. The natural history of prolapse recurrence. Int Urogynecol J 2013; S1: S103104.