SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lev M, Eckner FA. The pathologic anatomy of tetralogy of Fallot and its variations. Dis Chest 1964; 45: 251261.
  • 2
    Lakier JB, Stanger P, Heymann MA, Hoffman JI, Rudolph AM. Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve. Natural history and hemodynamic considerations. Circulation 1974; 50: 167175.
  • 3
    Emmanoulides GC, Thanopoulos B, Siassi B, Fishbein M. “Agenesis” of ductus arteriosus associated with the syndrome of tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve. Am J Cardiol 1976; 37: 403409.
  • 4
    Pinsky WW, Nihill MR, Mullins CE, Harrison G, McNamara DG. The absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Considerations of management. Circulation 1978; 57: 159162.
  • 5
    Rao BN, Anderson RC, Edwards JE. Anatomic variations in the tetralogy of Fallot. Am Heart J 1971; 81: 361371.
  • 6
    Thanopoulos BD, Fisher EA, Hastreiter AR. Large ductus arteriosus and intact ventricular septum associated with congenital absence of the pulmonary valve. Br Heart J 1986; 55: 602604.
  • 7
    Ettedgui JA, Sharland GK, Chita SK, Cook A, Fagg N, Allan LD. Absent pulmonary valve syndrome with ventricular septal defect: role of the arterial duct. Am J Cardiol 1990; 66: 233234.
  • 8
    Jekel L, Benatar A, Bennink GB, Woolley SR, van de Wal HJ. Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve. A continuing challenge. Scand Cardiovasc J 1998; 32: 213217.
  • 9
    Yeager SB, Van Der Velde ME, Waters BL, Sanders SP. Prenatal role of the ductus arteriosus in absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Echocardiography 2002; 19: 489493.
  • 10
    Razavi RS, Sharland GK, Simpson JM. Prenatal diagnosis by echocardiogram and outcome of absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Am J Cardiol 2003; 91: 429432.
  • 11
    Allan LD, Sharland GK, Milburn A, Lockhart SM, Groves AM, Anderson RH, Cook AC, Fagg N. Prospective diagnosis of 1006 consecutive cases of congenital heart disease in the fetus. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994; 23: 14521458.
  • 12
    Moon-Grady AJ, Tacy TA, Brook MM, Hanley FL, Silverman NH. Value of clinical and echocardiographic features in predicting outcome in the fetus, infant, and child with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve complex. Am J Cardiol 2002; 89: 12801285.
  • 13
    Paladini D, Chita SK, Allan LD. Prenatal measurement of cardiothoracic ratio in evaluation of heart disease. Arch Dis Child 1990; 65: 2023.
  • 14
    Tan J, Silverman NH, Hoffman JI, Villegas M, Schmidt KG. Cardiac dimensions by cross-sectional echocardiography in the normal human fetus from 18 weeks to term. Am J Cardiol 1992; 70: 14591467.
  • 15
    Johnson P, Sharland GK, Allan LD, Tynan MJ, Maxwell DJ. Umbilical venous pressure in nonimmune fetal hydrops: correlation with cardiac size. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992; 167: 13091313.
  • 16
    Zach M, Beitzke A, Singer H, Hofler H, Schellmann B. The syndrome of absent pulmonary valve and ventricular septal defect—anatomical features and embryological implications. Basic Res Cardiol 1979; 74: 5468.
  • 17
    Boudjemline Y, Fermont L, Le Bidois J, Lyonnet S, Sidi D, Bonnet D. Prevalence of 22q11 deletion in fetuses with conotruncal cardiac defects: a 6-year prospective study. J Pediatr 2001; 138: 520524.
  • 18
    Chaoui R, Kalache KD, Heling KS, Tennstedt C, Bommer C, Korner H. Absent or hypoplastic thymus on ultrasound: a marker for deletion 22q11.2 in fetal cardiac defects. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002; 20: 546552.
  • 19
    Volpe P, Marasini M, Caruso G, Marzullo A, Buonadonna AL, Arciprete P, Di Paolo S, Volpe G, Gentile M. 22q11 deletions in fetuses with malformations of the outflow tracts or interruption of the aortic arch: impact of additional ultrasound signs. Prenat Diagn 2003; 23: 752757.
  • 20
    Rabinovitch M, Grady S, David I, Van Praagh R, Sauer U, Buhlmeyer K, Castaneda AR, Reid L. Compression of intrapulmonary bronchi by abnormally branching pulmonary arteries associated with absent pulmonary valves. Am J Cardiol 1982; 50: 804813.
  • 21
    Volpe P, Paladini D, Marasini M, Buonadonna AL, Russo MG, Caruso G, Marzullo A, Vassallo M, Martinelli P, Gentile M. Common arterial trunk in the fetus: characteristics, associations, and outcome in a multicentre series of 23 cases. Heart 2003; 89: 14371441.