• 1
    Copel JA, Pilu G, Green J, Hobbins JC, Kleinman CS. Fetal echocardiographic screening for congenital heart disease: the importance of the four-chamber view. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987; 157: 648655.
  • 2
    DeVore GR. The prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease—a practical approach for the fetal sonographer. J Clin Ultrasound 1985; 13: 229245.
  • 3
    Crane JP, LeFevre ML, Winborn RC, Evans JK, Ewigman BG, Bain RP, Frigoletto FD, McNellis DA. Randomized trial of prenatal ultrasonographic screening: impact on the detection, management, and outcome of anomalous fetuses. The RADIUS Study Group. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994; 171: 392399.
  • 4
    Stoll C, Alembik Y, Dott B, Meyer MJ, Pennerath A, Peter MO, De Geeter B. Evaluation of prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Prenat Diagn 1998; 18: 801807.
  • 5
    Benacerraf BR. Sonographic detection of fetal anomalies of the aortic and pulmonary arteries: value of four-chamber view vs direct images. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1994; 163: 14831489.
  • 6
    Wigton TR, Sabbagha RE, Tamura RK, Cohen L, Minogue JP, Strasburger JF. Sonographic diagnosis of congenital heart disease: comparison between the four-chamber view and multiple cardiac views. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 82: 219224.
  • 7
    Henry WL, DeMaria A, Gramiak R, King DL, Kisslo JA, Popp RL, Sahn DJ, Schiller NB, Tajik A, Teichholz LE, Weyman AE. Report of the American Society of Echocardiography Committee on Nomenclature and Standards in Two-dimensional Echocardiography. Circulation 1980; 62: 212217.
  • 8
    DeVore GR, Medearis AL, Bear MB, Horenstein J, Platt LD. Fetal echocardiography: factors that influence imaging of the fetal heart during the second trimester of pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med 1993; 12: 659663.
  • 9
    Levental M, Pretorius DH, Sklansky MS, Budorick NE, Nelson TR, Lou K. Three-dimensional ultrasonography of normal fetal heart: comparison with two-dimensional imaging. J Ultrasound Med 1998; 17: 341348.
  • 10
    Meyer-Wittkopf M, Cooper S, Vaughan J, Sholler G. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic analysis of congenital heart disease in the fetus: comparison with cross-sectional (2D) fetal echocardiography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001; 17: 485492.
  • 11
    Nelson TR, Pretorius DH, Sklansky M, Hagen-Ansert S. Three-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of fetal heart anatomy and function: acquisition, analysis, and display. J Ultrasound Med 1996; 15: 19.
  • 12
    Sklansky MS, Nelson TR, Pretorius DH. Usefulness of gated three-dimensional fetal echocardiography to reconstruct and display structures not visualized with two-dimensional imaging. Am J Cardiol 1997; 80: 665668.
  • 13
    Sklansky MS, Nelson T, Strachan M, Pretorius D. Real-time three-dimensional fetal echocardiography: initial feasibility study. J Ultrasound Med 1999; 18: 745752.
  • 14
    Wang PH, Chen GD, Lin LY. Imaging comparison of basic cardiac views between two- and three-dimensional ultrasound in normal fetuses in anterior spine positions. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2002; 18: 1723.
  • 15
    Deng J, Sullivan ID, Yates R, Vogel M, McDonald D, Linney AD, Rodeck CH, Anderson RH. Real-time three-dimensional fetal echocardiography—optimal imaging windows. Ultrasound Med Biol 2002; 28: 10991105.
  • 16
    Henry WL, Maron BJ, Griffith JM. Cross-sectional echocardiography in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Identification of the relation of the ventricles and great arteries. Circulation 1977; 56: 267273.
  • 17
    Maron BJ, Henry WL, Griffith JM, Freedom RM, Kelly DT, Epstein SE. Identification of congenital malformations of the great arteries in infants by real-time two-dimensional echocardiography. Circulation 1975; 52: 671677.
  • 18
    Mizelle KM, Rice MJ, Sahn DJ. Clinical use of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in pediatric cardiology. Echocardiography 2000; 17: 787790.
  • 19
    Sahn DJ, Henry WL. Clinical applications of real-time two-dimensional scanning in congenital heart disease. Cardiovasc Clin 1978; 9: 295316.
  • 20
    DeVore GR, Siassi B, Platt LD. Fetal echocardiography. V. M-mode measurements of the aortic root and aortic valve in second- and third-trimester normal human fetuses. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985; 152: 543550.
  • 21
    DeVore GR, Siassi B, Platt LD. Fetal echocardiography. VIII. Aortic root dilatation—a marker for tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1988; 159: 129136.
  • 22
    DeVore GR. The aortic and pulmonary outflow tract screening examination in the human fetus. J Ultrasound Med 1992; 11: 345348.