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Keywords:

  • contingency screening;
  • PP-13;
  • pre-eclampsia;
  • screening;
  • uterine artery Doppler

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the value of maternal serum placental protein 13 (PP-13) measurement and uterine artery Doppler during first-trimester screening in the prediction of early pre-eclampsia.

Methods

This was a nested case-control prospective study of pregnancies at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation. The pulsatility index (PI) of blood flow in the uterine arteries and the maternal serum concentration of PP-13 were measured in 10 women who went on to develop pre-eclampsia that necessitated delivery before 34 weeks, and in 423 unaffected women. Results were expressed as multiples of the gestation-specific median in controls (MoM). A logistic regression model was used to predict detection and false-positive rates.

Results

In the cases that developed pre-eclampsia requiring delivery before 34 weeks, compared with the unaffected pregnancies, the median uterine artery PI was higher (1.43 MoM) and the median serum PP-13 level was lower (0.07 MoM; P < 0.001, Wilcoxon rank sum test for both). Modeling predicted that for a 90% detection rate of pre-eclampsia requiring delivery before 34 weeks, the false-positive rate of screening by PP-13 was 12%, by uterine artery PI was 31% and by a combination of the two methods was 9%. A policy of contingency screening, whereby all women are screened by maternal serum PP-13 and only the 14% at highest risk are then screened by Doppler, achieved a detection rate of 90% with an overall false-positive rate of 6%.

Conclusion

Effective screening for pre-eclampsia requiring delivery before 34 weeks can potentially be provided by assessment of a combination of maternal serum PP-13 and uterine artery Doppler in the first trimester of pregnancy. Copyright © 2005 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.