SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    DeVore GR, Falkensammer P, Sklansky MS, Platt LD. Spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): new technology for evaluation of the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 380387.
  • 2
    Deng J. Terminology of three-dimensional and four-dimensional ultrasound imaging of the fetal heart and other moving body parts. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 336344.
  • 3
    Goncalves LF, Lee W, Chaiworapongsa T, Espinoza J, Schoen ML, Falkensammer P, Treadwell M, Romero R. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart with spatiotemporal image correlation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189: 17921802.
  • 4
    Falkensammer P. Spatio-temporal image correlation for volume ultrasound. Studies of the fetal heart. GE Healthcare: Zipf, Austria, 2005.
  • 5
    Goncalves LF, Lee W, Espinoza J, Romero R. Examination of the fetal heart by four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound with spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 27: 336348.
  • 6
    Yagel S, Cohen SM, Achiron R. Examination of the fetal heart by five short-axis views: A proposed screening method for comprehensive cardiac evaluation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001; 17: 367369.
  • 7
    Yagel S, Arbel R, Anteby EY, Raveh D, Achiron R. The three vessels and trachea view (3VT) in fetal cardiac scanning. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002; 20: 340345.
  • 8
    DeVore GR, Polanco B, Sklansky MS, Platt LD. The ‘spin’ technique: a new method for examination of the fetal outflow tracts using three-dimensional ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 24: 7282.
  • 9
    Abuhamad A. Automated multiplanar imaging: a novel approach to ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 2004; 23: 573576.
  • 10
    Espinoza J, Kusanovic JP, Goncalves LF, Nien JK, Hassan S, Lee W, Romero R. A novel algorithm for comprehensive fetal echocardiography using 4-dimensional ultrasonography and tomographic imaging. J Ultrasound Med 2006; 25: 947956.
  • 11
    Yagel S, Benachi A, Bonnet D, Dumez Y, Hochner-Celnikier D, Cohen SM, Valsky DV, Fermont L. Rendering in fetal cardiac scanning: the intracardiac septa and the coronal atrioventricular valve planes. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 28: 266274.
  • 12
    Goncalves LF, Romero R, Espinoza J, Lee W, Treadwell M, Chintala K, Brandl H, Chaiworapongsa T. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart using color Doppler spatiotemporal image correlation. J Ultrasound Med 2004; 23: 473481.
  • 13
    Messing B, Porat S, Imbar T, Valsky DV, Anteby EY, Yagel S. Mild tricuspid regurgitation: a benign fetal finding at various stages of pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 26: 606609.
  • 14
    Chaoui R, Kalache KD, Hartung J. Application of three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001; 17: 2229.
  • 15
    Chaoui R, Hoffmann J, Heling KS. Three-dimensional (3D) and 4D color Doppler fetal echocardiography using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 23: 535545.
  • 16
    Sciaky-Tamir Y, Cohen SM, Hochner-Celnikier D, Valsky DV, Messing B, Yagel S. Three-dimensional power Doppler (3DPD) ultrasound in the diagnosis and follow-up of fetal vascular anomalies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006; 194: 274281.
  • 17
    Goncalves LF, Espinoza J, Lee W, Mazor M, Romero R. Three- and four-dimensional reconstruction of the aortic and ductal arches using inversion mode: a new rendering algorithm for visualization of fluid-filled anatomical structures. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 24: 696698.
  • 18
    Espinoza J, Goncalves LF, Lee W, Mazor M, Romero R. A novel method to improve prenatal diagnosis of abnormal systemic venous connections using three- and four-dimensional ultrasonography and ‘inversion mode’. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 25: 428434.
  • 19
    Goncalves LF, Espinoza J, Lee W, Nien JK, Hong JS, Santolaya-Forgas J, Mazor M, Romero R. A new approach to fetal echocardiography: digital casts of the fetal cardiac chambers and great vessels for detection of congenital heart disease. J Ultrasound Med 2005; 24: 415424.
  • 20
    Volpe P, Campobasso G, Stanziano A, De Robertis V, Di Paolo S, Caruso G, Volpe N, Gentile M. Novel application of 4D sonography with B-flow imaging and spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) in the assessment of the anatomy of pulmonary arteries in fetuses with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 28: 4046.
  • 21
    International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Cardiac screening examination of the fetus: guidelines for performing the ‘basic’ and ‘extended basic’ cardiac scan. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 27: 107113.
  • 22
    Vinals F, Poblete P, Giuliano A. Spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): a new tool for the prenatal screening of congenital heart defects. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 388394.
  • 23
    Vinals F, Mandujano L, Vargas G, Giuliano A. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease using four-dimensional spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) telemedicine via an Internet link: a pilot study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 25: 2531.
  • 24
    Hyett JA, Perdu M, Sharland GK, Snijders RJM, Nicolaides KH. Using fetal nuchal translucency to screen for major congenital cardiac defects at 10–14 weeks of gestation: population based cohort study. Br Med J 1999; 318: 8185.
  • 25
    Hyett JA, Perdu NL, Sharland GK, Snijders RJM, Nicolaides KH. Increased nuchal translucency at 10–14 weeks of gestation as a marker for major cardiac defects. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1997; 10: 242246.
  • 26
    Meyer-Wittkopf M, Cole A, Cooper SG, Schmidt S, Sholler GF. Three-dimensional quantitative echocardiographic assessment of ventricular volume in healthy human fetuses and in fetuses with congenital heart disease. J Ultrasound Med 2001; 20: 317327.
  • 27
    Esh-Broder E, Ushakov FB, Imbar T, Yagel S. Application of free-hand three-dimensional echocardiography in the evaluation of fetal cardiac ejection fraction: a preliminary study. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 23: 546551.
  • 28
    Bhat AH, Corbett V, Carpenter N, Liu N, Liu R, Wu A, Hopkins G, Sohaey R, Winkler C, Sahn CS, Sovinsky V, Li X, Sahn DJ. Fetal ventricular mass determination on three-dimensional echocardiography: studies in normal fetuses and validation experiments. Circulation 2004; 110: 10541060.
  • 29
    Bhat AH, Corbett VN, Liu R, Carpenter ND, Liu NW, Wu AM, Hopkins GD, Li X, Sahn DJ. Validation of volume and mass assessments for human fetal heart imaging by 4-dimensional spatiotemporal image correlation echocardiography: in vitro balloon model experiments. J Ultrasound Med 2004; 23: 11511159.
  • 30
    Messing B, Rosenak D, Valsky DV, Cohen SM, Hochner-Celnikier D, Yagel S. 3D inversion mode combined with spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): A novel technique for fetal heart ventricle volume quantification. (abstract) Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 28: 397.
  • 31
    Carvalho JS, Ho SY, Shinebourne EA. Sequential segmental analysis in complex fetal cardiac abnormalities: a logical approach to diagnosis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 26: 105111.
  • 32
    Yagel S, Kivilevitch Z, Achiron R. The fetal venous system: normal embryology, anatomy, and physiology and the development and appearance of anomalies. In Fetal Cardiology, YagelS, SilvermanNH, GembruchU (eds). Martin Dunitz: London, 2003; 321332.
  • 33
    Birk E, Silverman NH. Intracardiac shunt malformations. In Fetal Cardiology, YagelS, SilvermanNH, GembruchU (eds). Martin Dunitz: London, 2003; 207 & ff.
  • 34
    Paladini D, Russo MG, Vassallo M, Tartaglione A. The ‘in-plane’ view of the inter-ventricular septum. A new approach to the characterization of ventricular septal defects in the fetus. Prenat Diagn 2003; 23: 10521055.
  • 35
    Yagel S, Valsky DV, Messing B. Detailed assessment of fetal ventricular septal defect with 4D color Doppler ultrasound using spatio-temporal image correlation technology. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 25: 9798.
  • 36
    Moore KL, Persaud TVN. The cardiovascular system. In The developing human: Clinically oriented embryology (6th edn). W. B. Saunders: Philadelphia, PA, 1998; 349404.
  • 37
    Levental M, Pretorius DH, Sklansky MS, Budorick NE, Nelson TR, Lou K. Three-dimensional ultrasonography of normal fetal heart: comparison with two-dimensional imaging. J Ultrasound Med 1998; 17: 341348.
  • 38
    Meyer-Wittkopf M, Rappe N, Sierra F, Barth H, Schmidt S. Three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography for obtaining the four and five-chamber view: comparison with cross-sectional (2-D) fetal sonographic screening. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2000; 15: 397402.
  • 39
    Meyer-Wittkopf M, Cooper S, Vaughan J, Sholler G. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic analysis of congenital heart disease in the fetus: comparison with cross-sectional (2D) fetal echocardiography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001; 17: 485492.
  • 40
    Wang PH, Chen GD, Lin LY. Imaging comparison of basic cardiac views between two- and three-dimensional ultrasound in normal fetuses in anterior spine positions. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2002; 18: 1723.
  • 41
    Benacerraf BR, Shipp TD, Bromley B. Three-dimensional US of the fetus: volume imaging. Radiology 2006; 238: 988996.
  • 42
    Michailidis GD, Simpson JM, Karidas C, Economides DL. Detailed three-dimensional fetal echocardiography facilitated by an Internet link. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2001; 18: 325328.