Angiogenic growth factor levels in maternal and fetal blood: correlation with Doppler ultrasound parameters in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction

Authors


Abstract

Objectives

To correlate levels of angiogenic growth factors with Doppler ultrasound parameters in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).

Methods

In 16 women with pre-eclampsia and 15 women with isolated IUGR, pulsatility indices (PI) in the umbilical and uterine arteries were measured by Doppler ultrasonography. At delivery, maternal and fetal blood (umbilical vein and artery separately) was sampled and angiogenic growth factors measured by means of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results

Umbilical artery PI was significantly higher in women with IUGR than in those with pre-eclampsia, whereas uterine artery PI was not statistically significantly different. Maternal soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) levels were higher in women with pre-eclampsia than in those with IUGR (P < 0.0001). Umbilical vein basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) levels were lower in women with pre-eclampsia than in those with IUGR (P < 0.05). Placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in the umbilical vein were below the detection limit in nearly all samples of IUGR fetuses and lower than in those with pre-eclampsia (P < 0.001). Maternal PlGF levels were inversely correlated with PI values of both vessels. In the umbilical vein sFlt-1 was positively and soluble kinase insert domain receptor (sKDR) negatively correlated with umbilical artery PI. No correlation could be found in the serum of the umbilical artery for all growth factors and for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in all compartments.

Conclusions

The correlations between maternal and fetal angiogenic growth factor serum levels and Doppler ultrasound indices of uterine and umbilical arteries in pre-eclampsia and IUGR reflect the severity of the disorders especially for the fetus. A combination of both measurements may be useful in future screening for early prediction of pregnancy complications. Copyright © 2007 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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