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Keywords:

  • 30° fetoscope;
  • anterior placenta;
  • fetoscopic laser coagulation;
  • intrauterine therapy;
  • twin-twin transfusion syndrome

Abstract

Objective

To assess outcome after fetoscopic laser coagulation (FLC) of placental vascular anastomoses with the 30° fetoscope in mid-trimester severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with completely anterior placenta compared with the regular 0° fetoscope in TTTS with other placental locations.

Methods

This was a prospective study of 176 consecutive monochorionic twin pregnancies undergoing FLC for severe TTTS. Of these, 51 patients required use of the 30° fetoscope (study group) and 125 placental locations permitted use of the 0° fetoscope (controls).

Results

The two groups had very similar outcomes. The median gestational age at FLC in the study group vs. control group was 21.0 (range, 17.4–24.6) weeks vs. 20.6 (range, 15.9–24.6) weeks. Both fetuses survived in 58.8% (30/51) of study patients vs. 66.4% (83/125) of controls. At least one fetus survived in 84.3% (43/51) of study patients and 88.8% (111/125) of controls (P = 0.45). Study patients delivered at a median of 34.1 (range, 25.0–38.4) weeks and controls at 34.0 (range, 25.0–40.3) weeks' gestation.

Conclusions

Use of a 30° fetoscope for FLC in cases of technically challenging extensive anterior placentation is associated with an outcome that is very similar to that achieved when a 0° fetoscope is used in cases of more favorable placental location. Copyright © 2008 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.