Reference range for cervical length throughout pregnancy: non-parametric LMS-based model applied to a large sample
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 459–464, April 2009
How to Cite
Salomon, L. J., Diaz-Garcia, C., Bernard, J. P. and Ville, Y. (2009), Reference range for cervical length throughout pregnancy: non-parametric LMS-based model applied to a large sample. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 33: 459–464. doi: 10.1002/uog.6332
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2009
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 NOV 2008
- cervical length;
- preterm delivery;
- transvaginal ultrasound;
Short cervical length is an important risk factor for preterm delivery. However, because cervical length changes throughout pregnancy, adequate risk estimation needs to take into account the gestational age (GA) at which the measurement is taken. We aimed to model cervical changes throughout pregnancy in order to be able to use Z-scores, avoiding the confounding effect of GA.
Cervical length was prospectively measured in singleton pregnancies, as part of routine antenatal care over a 3-year period. Measurements were taken at GA ranging from 16 to 36 weeks and only one measurement per pregnancy was used in the analysis. Because cervical length measurements are not normally distributed, we used a non-parametric approach (LMS method) to best describe the distribution of the measurements with gestation.
We included 6614 cervical length measurements. The LMS method identified changes in cervical length measurement across GA. We computed new reference charts and provide L, M and S values that allow the calculation of Z-score at any GA from any cervical length measurement ‘Y’ using the formula: Z-score = ((Y/M)L − 1)/(L × S).
Cervical length measurements do not have a normal distribution at a given GA and so require a statistical model that takes this into account. The model that we developed allows easy Z-score calculation, therefore avoiding the confounding effect of GA and allowing straightforward monitoring of cervical length. Copyright © 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.