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Keywords:

  • corpus callosum;
  • fetal brain;
  • MRI;
  • prenatal diagnosis;
  • ultrasound

Abstract

Objective

Anomalies of the corpus callosum are frequently diagnosed during pregnancy, but a thick corpus callosum is a rare finding and its significance is not clear. We aimed to assess the significance of thick fetal corpus callosum by reviewing our experience of such cases.

Methods

The records of all fetuses with anomalies of the corpus callosum referred to the prenatal diagnosis units of two university hospitals from 2000 to 2007 were reviewed. Nine fetuses with a thick corpus callosum were identified.

Results

In all cases there were associated abnormalities: macrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, vermian agenesis, abnormal sulcation or encephalocele. Four pregnancies were terminated and in each of these cases the autopsy confirmed dysmorphic features and additional brain abnormalities. Five infants were delivered; two died shortly after birth, one suffers from mental retardation, one had neonatal convulsions and one is developing normally.

Conclusions

A thick fetal corpus callosum is usually associated with other brain anomalies and is part of a neurogenetic syndrome in most cases. Copyright © 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.