• 1
    Stoll CG, Roth MP, Dott B, Alembik Y. Study of 290 cases of polyhydramnios and congenital malformations in a series of 225,669 consecutive births. Community Genet 1999; 2: 3642.
  • 2
    Dashe JS, McIntire DD, Ramus RM, Santos-Ramos R, Twickler DM. Hydramnios: anomaly prevalence and sonographic detection. Obstet Gynecol 2002; 100: 134139.
  • 3
    Cardwell MS. Polyhydramnios: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1987; 42: 612617.
  • 4
    Thompson O, Brown R, Gunnarson G, Harrington K. Prevalence of polyhydramnios in the third trimester in a population screened by first and second trimester ultrasonography. J Perinat Med 1998; 26: 371377.
  • 5
    Mazor M, Ghezzi F, Maymon E, Shoham-Vardi I, Vardi H, Hershkowitz R. Polyhydramnios is an independent risk factor for perinatal mortality and intrapartum morbidity in preterm delivery. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1996; 70: 4147.
  • 6
    Maymon E, Ghezzi F, Shoham-Vardi I, Franchi M, Silberstein T, Wiznitzer A, Mazor M. Isolated hydramnios at term gestation and the occurrence of peripartum complications. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1998; 77: 157161.
  • 7
    Biggio JR Jr, Wenstrom KD, Dubard MB, Cliver SP. Hydramnios prediction of adverse perinatal outcome. Obstet Gynecol 1999; 94: 773777.
  • 8
    Touboul C, Boileau P, Picone O, Foix-l'Helias L, Frydman R, Senat MV. Outcome of children born out of pregnancies complicated by unexplained polyhydramnios. BJOG 2007; 114: 489492.
  • 9
    Lee SM, Park SK, Shim SS, Jun JK, Park JS, Syn HC. Measurement of fetal urine production by three-dimensional ultrasonography in normal pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2007; 30: 281286.
  • 10
    Touboul C, Boulvain M, Picone O, Levaillant JM, Frydman R, Senat MV. Normal fetal urine production rate estimated with 3-dimensional ultrasonography using the rotational technique (virtual organ computer-aided analysis). Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 199: 57 e51–e55.
  • 11
    Phelan JP, Ahn MO, Smith CV, Rutherford SE, Anderson E. Amniotic fluid index measurements during pregnancy. J Reprod Med 1987; 32: 601604.
  • 12
    Kirshon B. Fetal urine output in hydramnios. Obstet Gynecol 1989; 73: 240242.
  • 13
    Magann EF, Doherty DA, Chauhan SP, Busch FW, Mecacci F, Morrison JC. How well do the amniotic fluid index and single deepest pocket indices (below the 3rd and 5th and above the 95th and 97th percentiles) predict oligohydramnios and hydramnios? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 190: 164169.
  • 14
    Magann EF, Chauhan SP, Doherty DA, Barrilleaux PS, Martin JN Jr, Morrison JC. Predictability of intrapartum and neonatal outcomes with the amniotic fluid volume distribution: a reassessment using the amniotic fluid index, single deepest pocket, and a dye-determined amniotic fluid volume. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 188: 15231527; Discussion 1527–1528.