Devulcanization of waste tires using a twin-screw extruder: The effects of processing conditions



During recent decades, for both economic and environmental reasons, recycling of waste tires that are based on SBR/NR has been widely considered. In this study the devulcanization process of the tread section of waste tires was carried out by using a twin-screw extruder. The effects of barrel temperature and screw speed were investigated. Percent of devulcanization, sol fraction, and curing behavior of devulcanized samples were studied. After the addition of curing agents into the devulcanizates, the general behavior of the rheometry test for rubber compounds was observed. Percent of devulcanization and sol fraction depended on the screw speed and barrel temperature, respectively. The devulcanized samples were formulated with virgin rubber (15/85 wt% ratio) and re-cured successfully. Tensile strength, elongation at break, compression set, hardness, and resilience were evaluated. It was found that the mechanical properties of the compound containing devulcanizates were slightly inferior to those of the virgin compound. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 2011. © 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers