Use of polystyrene nanoparticles synthesized by differential microemulsion polymerization for property improvement of (vinyl acetate)-ethylene copolymer

Authors

  • Saowaroj Chuayjuljit,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    • Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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  • Nutnicha Piyawong

    1. Center for Petroleum, Petrochemicals, and Advanced Materials, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
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Abstract

The nanolatex of polystyrene (PS) synthesized by differential microemulsion polymerization was blended with (vinyl acetate)-ethylene (VAE) copolymer emulsion at VAE/PS dry weight ratios of 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, and 60/40. This technique provided a well dispersion of PS nanoparticles in the blends without any phase separation or flocculation. The blended emulsions were cast into thin sheet for further characterizations. It was found that the tensile strength, Young's modulus, dynamic mechanical properties, and thermal stability at 50% degradation of VAE were increased by the addition of an appropriate amount (20, 30, 40, and 40 wt%, respectively) of the PS nanoparticles, whereas the elongation at break deteriorated. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 2012. © 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers

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