Climate change research and policy in Portugal
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
Volume 5, Issue 2, pages 199–217, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Carvalho, A., Schmidt, L., Santos, F. D. and Delicado, A. (2014), Climate change research and policy in Portugal. WIREs Clim Change, 5: 199–217. doi: 10.1002/wcc.258
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 16 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 JAN 2013
This article offers a review of research and policy on climate change in Portugal and is organized into three main themes: scientific knowledge and assessment of climate change; policy analysis and evaluation; and public engagement. Modern scientific research on meteorology and climatology started in Portugal in the 1950s and a strong community of researchers in climate science, vulnerabilities, impacts, and adaptation has since developed, particularly in the last decade. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps in research, especially regarding the economic costs of climate change in Portugal and costs and benefits of adaptation. Governmental policies with a strong emphasis on mitigation were introduced at the end of the 1990s. As greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise beyond its Kyoto target for 2012, the country had to resort to the Kyoto Flexibility Mechanisms in order to comply. Climate change adaptation policies were introduced in 2010 but are far from being fully implemented. Regarding public engagement with climate change, high levels of concern contrast with limited understanding and rather weak behavioral dispositions to address climate change. Citizens display a heavy reliance on the media as sources of information, which are dominated by a techno-managerial discourse mainly focused on the global level. The final part of the article identifies research gaps and outlines a research agenda. Connections between policy and research are also discussed. WIREs Clim Change 2014, 5:199–217. doi: 10.1002/wcc.258
Conflict of interest: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article.
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