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Abstract

Dispersion corrections to standard Kohn–Sham density functional theory (DFT) are reviewed. The focus is on computationally efficient methods for large systems that do not depend on virtual orbitals or rely on separated fragments. The recommended approaches (van der Waals density functional and DFT-D) are asymptotically correct and can be used in combination with standard or slightly modified (short-range) exchange–correlation functionals. The importance of the dispersion energy in intramolecular cases (conformational problems and thermochemistry) is highlighted. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. WIREs Comput Mol Sci 2011 1 211-228 DOI: 10.1002/wcms.30