Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges
Article first published online: 11 DEC 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science
Volume 5, Issue 1, pages 1–14, January/February 2014
How to Cite
Grossmann, I. and Na, J. (2014), Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges. WIREs Cogn Sci, 5: 1–14. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1267
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 11 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 28 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 22 APR 2013
Since the dawn of psychology as a science, conceptual and methodological questions have accompanied research at the intersection of culture and psychology. We review some of these questions using two dominant concepts—independent versus interdependent social orientation and analytic versus holistic cognitive style. Studying the relationship between culture and psychology can be difficult due to sampling restrictions and response biases. Since these challenges have been mastered, a wealth of research has accumulated on how culture influences cognition, emotion, and the self. Building on this work, we outline a set of new challenges for culture and psychology. Such challenges include questions about conceptual clarity, within-cultural and subcultural variations (e.g., variations due to social class), differentiation and integration of processes at the group versus individual level of analysis, modeling of how cultural processes unfold over time, and integration of insights from etic and emic methodological approaches. We review emerging work addressing these challenges, proposing that future research on culture and psychology is more exciting than ever. WIREs Cogn Sci 2014, 5:1–14. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1267
Conflict of interest: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article.
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