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An improved BEM model for the power curve prediction of stall-regulated wind turbines

Authors

  • Jaime Martínez,

    1. Physics Department, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, CP 64849, Monterrey, NL, Mexico
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  • Luca Bernabini,

    1. Physics Department, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, CP 64849, Monterrey, NL, Mexico
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    • Permanent address: Viale Togliatti 186, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy

  • Oliver Probst,

    Corresponding author
    1. Physics Department and Center for Energy Studies, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, CP 64849, Monterrey, NL, Mexico
    • O. Probst, Physics Department, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, CP 64849, Monterrey, NL, Mexico.
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  • Ciro Rodríguez

    1. Center for Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, CP 64849, Monterrey, NL, Mexico
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Abstract

Blade element momentum (BEM) theory is the standard computational technique for the prediction of power curves of wind turbines; it is based on the two-dimensional aerodynamic properties of aerofoil blade elements and some corrections accounting for three-dimensional wing aerodynamics. Although most BEM models yield acceptable results for low-wind and pitch-controlled regimes where the local angles of attack are small, no generally accepted model exists up to date that consistently predicts the power curve in the stall regime for a variety of blade properties and operating conditions. In this article we present a modified BEM model which satisfactorily reproduces the power curves of four experimental wind turbines reported in the literature, using no free fit parameters. Since these four experimental cases comprehend a great variety of conditions (wind tunnel vs field experiments, different air densities) and blade parameters (no twist and no taper, no taper but twist, both twist and taper, different aerofoil families), it is believed that our model represents a useful working tool for the aerodynamic design of stall-regulated wind turbines. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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