Wind farm voltage dip measurements



This paper is based on continuous measurements of voltages and currents from three wind farms for a period of 1 year, and the focus is on voltage dips. The purpose is to get an overview of the characteristics and rate of voltage dips, which occur in the wind farms and to study the wind turbine responses to voltage dips. In each of the wind farms there is one measurement point at a single wind turbine and one for measuring the contribution from the whole wind farm. Different wind turbine technologies are used in the three wind farms; fixed speed turbines with directly connected induction generators in wind farm 1 and variable speed turbines with power electronics converters and synchronous generators in wind farms 2 and 3. Voltage dips are evaluated according to the standard EN 50160, by considering the durations and residual voltages of the positive sequence component voltage dips. Some examples of voltage dip events with corresponding responses in active and reactive power are shown and discussed with a view to the different technologies. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.