Power curve measurement with a nacelle mounted lidar
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 17, Issue 9, pages 1441–1453, September 2014
How to Cite
2014), Power curve measurement with a nacelle mounted lidar, Wind Energ., 17, 1441–1453, doi: 10.1002/we.1643, , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 7 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 10 SEP 2012
- wind speed measurement;
- wind sector
Nacelle-based lidars are an attractive alternative to conventional mast base reference wind instrumentation where the erection of a mast is expensive, for example offshore. In this paper, the use of this new technology for the specific application of wind turbine power performance measurement is tested. A pulsed lidar prototype, measuring horizontally, was installed on the nacelle of a multi-megawatt wind turbine. A met mast with a top-mounted cup anemometer standing at two rotor diameters in front of the turbine was used as a reference. After a data-filtering step, the comparison of the 10 min mean wind speed measured by the lidar to that measured by the cup anemometer showed a deviation of about 1.4% on average. The power curve measured with the lidar was very similar to that measured with the cup anemometer although the lidar power curve was slightly distorted because of the deviation in wind speed measurements. A lower scatter in the power curve was observed for the lidar than for the mast. Since the lidar follows the turbine nacelle as it yaws, it always measures upwind. The wind measured by the lidar therefore shows a higher correlation with the turbine power fluctuations than the wind measured by the mast. Finally, the lidar is never in the wake of the turbine under test contrary to the cup anemometer; therefore, the wind sector usable for power curve measurement was larger than the sector for which the cup anemometer was not disturbed by any obstacle. The power curve obtained with the lidar for the wind sector in which the mast is in the wake of the turbine under test compared well with the power curve obtained on the standard sector. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.