The availability of day-ahead production forecast is an important step toward better dispatchability of wind power production. However, the stochastic nature of forecast errors prevents a wind farm operator from holding a firm production commitment. In order to mitigate the deviation from the commitment, an energy storage system connected to the wind farm is considered. One statistical characteristic of day-ahead forecast errors has a major impact on storage performance: errors are significantly correlated along several hours. We thus use a data-fitted autoregressive model that captures this correlation to quantify the impact of correlation on storage sizing.
With a Monte Carlo approach, we study the behavior and the performance of an energy storage system using the autoregressive model as an input. The ability of the storage system to meet a production commitment is statistically assessed for a range of capacities, using a mean absolute deviation criterion. By parametrically varying the correlation level, we show that disregarding correlation can lead to an underestimation of a storage capacity by an order of magnitude. Finally, we compare the results obtained from the model and from field data to validate the model. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.