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Impact of wind power in autonomous power systems—power fluctuations—modelling and control issues

Authors

  • Ioannis D. Margaris,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou 15780, Greece
    • School of Electrical & Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 9, Iroon Polytecnhniou Str., Zografou, Athens, Attiki, Greece 15773
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  • Anca D. Hansen,

    1. Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Wind Energy Division, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
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  • Nicolaos A. Cutululis,

    1. Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Wind Energy Division, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
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  • Poul Sørensen,

    1. Risø DTU National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Wind Energy Division, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark
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  • Nikos D. Hatziargyriou

    1. School of Electrical and Computer Eng., National Technical University of Athens, Zografou 15780—Public Power Corporation S.A. Athens, Greece
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Abstract

This paper describes a detailed modelling approach to study the impact of wind power fluctuations on the frequency control in a non-interconnected system with large-scale wind power. The approach includes models for wind speed fluctuations, wind farm technologies, conventional generation technologies, power system protection and load. Analytical models for wind farms with three different wind turbine technologies, namely Doubly Fed Induction Generator, Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and Active Stall Induction Generator-based wind turbines, are included. Likewise, analytical models for diesel and steam generation plants are applied. The power grid, including speed governors, automatic voltage regulators, protection system and loads is modelled in the same platform. Results for different load and wind profile cases are being presented for the case study of the island Rhodes, in Greece. The scenarios studied correspond to reference year of study 2012. The effect of wind fluctuations in the system frequency is studied for the different load cases, and comments on the penetration limits are being made based on the results. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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