Design and coordination of a capacitor and on-load tap changer system for voltage control in a wind power plant of doubly fed induction generator wind turbines
Article first published online: 26 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 15, Issue 4, pages 507–523, May 2012
How to Cite
Martínez, J., Rodriguez, P., Kjær, P. C. and Teodorescu, R. (2012), Design and coordination of a capacitor and on-load tap changer system for voltage control in a wind power plant of doubly fed induction generator wind turbines. Wind Energ., 15: 507–523. doi: 10.1002/we.474
- Issue published online: 16 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 26 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 7 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Received: 4 JUL 2010
- Wind turbine generator;
- capacitor bank;
- voltage control;
- doubly fed generator;
Larger percentages of wind power penetration into the grid translate to more demanding requirements coming from grid codes; for example, voltage support at the point of connection has been introduced recently by several grid codes from around the world, thus making it important to analyse this control. Voltage control is actuated by reactive power injection, and for a wind power plant of doubly fed generator turbines, reactive power capability can be a challenge, which typically is overcome by installing reactive power compensators. The integration and the interaction between all these reactive power sources and the on-load tap changer of the main substation transformer need to be analysed and taken into account in the control design.
In this paper, a novel coordination and control strategy for capacitor banks and on-load tap changer for a wind power plant is introduced. The capacitor banks are controlled in such way that the steady-state usage of the converters for reactive power injection is driven below to a maximum desired value of 0.1 pu. Additionally, the control transients because of the capacitor bank switching are minimized by using a suitable control structure. The tap changer control is coordinated with the plant control to decrease the impact of the capacitors reactive power in the line drop calculation, thus reducing the amount of tap operations and improving the accuracy of the line drop voltage estimation.
The coordination of the central controller with the plant components is analysed and tested through electromagnetic transient program simulations. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.