A selection procedure for determining the lightning current parameters, suitable for wind turbine overvoltage protection analysis, will be presented in this paper. It will be based on the mathematical model that accounts for the wind turbine geometry, keraunic level, statistical distribution of lightning current parameters and correlation between statistical variables defining lightning current waveshape. Theoretical analysis will be backed up by the most recent propositions of parameters that define statistical distributions and thereafter applied on the concrete wind turbine example. Subsequently, obtained results would provide insight into the selection procedure for the lightning current parameters (i.e., amplitude, front duration, wave duration and polarity), associated with lightning stroke incidence to wind turbines. Emphases will be given to the modern new-generation wind turbines. This selection procedure could be subsequently applied in the analysis (and design) of the wind turbine and wind farm overvoltage protection, with emphasis on the so-called back-surge phenomenon. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.