Actuator volumes and hr-adaptive methods for three-dimensional simulation of wind turbine wakes and performance
Article first published online: 2 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 15, Issue 6, pages 847–863, September 2012
How to Cite
Creech, A. C.W., Früh, W.-G. and Clive, P. (2012), Actuator volumes and hr-adaptive methods for three-dimensional simulation of wind turbine wakes and performance. Wind Energ., 15: 847–863. doi: 10.1002/we.508
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 2 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 7 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Received: 17 JAN 2010
This paper presents a three-dimensional numerical model for horizontal axis wind turbines, capable of simulating both the dynamic response of the turbine to changing flow conditions, and the full wake generated by the turbine. The turbine model is coupled to computational fluid dynamics software using Large Eddy Simulation to solve for unsteady flow conditions, with the Smagorinsky method handling sub-grid turbulence. Wind tunnel simulations are compared with experimental data, and then a simulation of a real turbine in complex terrain is compared with LIDAR data from the same site, in both cases agreeing favourably. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.