• BBC. 2009a. How warm is Manchester? [Accessed 6 March 2009.]
  • BBC. 2009b. Pupils join climate survey. [Accessed 6 March 2009.]
  • Eliasson I. 1996. Urban nocturnal temperatures, street geometry and land use. Atmos. Environ. 30: 379392.
  • Eliasson I, Svensson MK. 2003. Spatial air temperature variations and urban land use – a statistical approach. Meteorol. Appl. 10: 135149.
  • Gill SE, Handley JF, Ennos AR, Pauleit S, Theuray P, Lindley SJ. 2008. Characterising the urban environment of UK cities and towns: a template for landscape planning in a changing climate. Landscape Urban Plan. 87: 210222.
  • Graves H, Watkins R, Westbury P, Littlefair P. 2001. Cooling buildings in London: Overcoming the heat island. BRE and DETR: London.
  • Grimmond CSB, Oke TR. 1999. Heat storage in urban areas: local-scale observations and evaluation of a simple model. J. Appl. Meteorol. 38: 922940.
  • Grimmond CSB, Oke TR. 2002, Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: Observations and local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS). J. Appl. Meteorol. 41: 792810.
  • Jones P, Lister D. 2009. The urban heat island in Central London and urban-related warming trends in Central London since 1900. Weather 64: 323327.
  • Kilsby CG, Jones PD, Burton A, Ford AC, Fowler HJ, Harpham C, James P, Smith A, Wilby RL. 2007. A daily weather generator for use in climate change studies. Environ. Modell. Softw. 22(12): 17051719.
  • Landsberg HE. 1981. The Urban Climate. Academic Press: New York.
  • Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ, Rhind DW. 2005. Geographical information systems and science, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, UK, pp 333340.
  • Mayor of London. 2006. London's urban heat island: A summary for decision makers. Greater London Authority: London.
  • Melhuish E, Pedder M. 1998. Observing an urban heat island by bicycle. Weather 53: 121128.
  • Oke TR. 1981. Canyon geometry and the nocturnal heat island. Comparison of scale model and field observations. J. Climatol. 1: 237254.
  • Oke TR. 1987. Boundary Layer Climates. Routledge: London.
  • Parry M. 1955. Local temperature variations in the Reading area. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 82: 4557.
  • Smith CL, Webb A, Levermore GJ, Lindley SJ, Beswick K. Fine-scale spatial temperature patterns across a UK conurbation. Climatic Change (submitted).
  • Spronken-Smith RA, Oke TR. 1999. Scale modelling of nocturnal cooling in urban parks. Bound-Lay. Meteorol. 93: 287312.
  • Unwin DJ. 1980. The synoptic climatology of Birmingham's Urban Heat Island, 1955–74. Weather 35: 4350.
  • Wilby RL. 2003. Past and projected trends in London's urban heat island. Weather 58: 251260.