Transmutation of high-level nuclear waste by means of accelerator driven system
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment
How to Cite
Abderrahim, H. A., De Bruyn, D., Van den Eynde, G. and Michiels, S. (2013), Transmutation of high-level nuclear waste by means of accelerator driven system. WIREs Energy Environ.. doi: 10.1002/wene.82
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
To be able to answer the worlds’ increasing demand for energy, nuclear energy must be part of the energy basket. The generation of nuclear energy produces, besides energy, also high-level nuclear waste, which is nowadays for geological storage. Transmutation of the minor actinides and long-lived fission products that arise from the reprocessing of the nuclear waste can reduce the radiological impact of these radioactive elements. Transmutation can be completed in an efficient way in fast neutron spectrum facilities. Both critical fast reactors and subcritical accelerator driven systems are potential candidates as dedicated transmutation systems. Nevertheless, an accelerator driven system operates in a flexible and safer manner even with a core loading containing a high amount of minor actinides leading to a high more-efficient transmutation approach.