Influence of Madden-Julian Oscillation on water budget transported by the Somali low-level jet and the associated Indian summer monsoon rainfall

Authors

  • Paulina Ordonez,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Quimicos y Naturales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
    2. Departamento de Engenharias, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    • Corresponding author: P. Ordonez Perez, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Departamento de Engenharias, Quinta de Prados, Apartado 1013, PT-5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal. (pordper@utad.pt)

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  • Pedro Ribera,

    1. Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Quimicos y Naturales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
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  • David Gallego,

    1. Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Quimicos y Naturales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
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  • Cristina Pena-Ortiz

    1. Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Quimicos y Naturales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain
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Abstract

[1] Recent studies suggest that there is a strong linkage between the moisture uptake over the equatorial area of the Somali low level jet (SLLJ) and the rainfall variability over most of continental India. Additionally, the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) strongly modulates the intraseasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall, since the northward propagation of the boreal summer MJO is closely associated with the active and break phases of monsoon rainfall. But a question remains open: is there a relationship between the moisture transported by the SLLJ and the MJO evolution? In this paper, a Lagrangian approach is used to track the evaporation minus precipitation (E − P) evolution along trajectories of particles initially situated over the equatorial region of SLLJ. The impact of the MJO on the water budget transport of the SLLJ is examined by making composites of the obtained (E-P) fields for the different MJO phases. The spatial structures of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation are revealed in our results, which strongly suggest that the main responsible for the rainfall variability associated to the MJO in these regions are the changes in the moisture advected by the SLLJ. In order to assess the MJO-SLLJ interaction, an analysis of the total-column mass and the total-column specific humidity transported by the SLLJ during the MJO life cycle is performed. While a systematic difference between air mass advected to India during active and break phases of MJO is not detected, changes in the moisture of particles are found, with wet (dry) anomalies over enhanced (suppressed) convection region. This result implicitly leads to assume air-sea interaction processes.

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