Associate Editor: M. Peterson
Tools and Technology
A novel isoflurane anesthesia induction system for raccoons†
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
Copyright © The Wildlife Society, 2012. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Wildlife Society Bulletin
Volume 36, Issue 4, pages 807–812, December 2012
How to Cite
Bentler, K. T., Gossett, D. N. and Root, J. J. (2012), A novel isoflurane anesthesia induction system for raccoons. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 36: 807–812. doi: 10.1002/wsb.193
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Received: 29 FEB 2012
We developed a novel small-volume (24-L) conical-shaped isoflurane anesthesia induction chamber for use in a den chamber and tested it along with 3 conventional stand-alone induction chambers (2 clear acrylic plastic chambers and a cylindrical-shaped chamber) to determine utility for daily short-duration manipulations of captive raccoons (Procyon lotor). Although the conventional chambers were valuable, the majority of inductions were performed using the cone chamber in a pen setting. With the novel device, we were able to minimize the need for pre-anesthetic handling of animals and eliminate the need for injectable anesthesia agents. As a result, side effects normally associated with injectable agents were avoided. Mean anesthesia induction time using the cone chamber was 3.4 min (SD = 0.90). When used as designed, conventional chambers worked well, with induction times ranging from 2.7 min to 5.4 min. Because the stand-alone chambers were not reliant upon den chambers for use, they may provide greater utility for field work. The conical-shaped induction chamber, however, provides an option for safe short-duration anesthetization of captive raccoons and could perhaps be used with other species and in other research settings. Published 2012. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.