The cyclophilin repertoire of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is comprised of nine members that are distributed over all three of its chromosomes and range from small single-domain to large multi-domain proteins. Each cyclophilin possesses only a single prolyl-isomerase domain, and these vary in their degree of consensus, including at positions that are likely to affect their drug-binding ability and catalytic activity. The additional identified motifs are involved in putative protein or RNA interactions, while a novel domain that is specific to SpCyp7 and its orthologues may have functions that include an interaction with hnRNPs. The Sz. pombe cyclophilins are found throughout the cell but appear to be absent from the mitochondria, which is unique among the characterized eukaryotic repertoires. SpCyp5, SpCyp6 and SpCyp8 have exhibited significant upregulation of their expression during the meiotic cycle and SpCyp5 has exhibited significant upregulation of its expression during heat stress. All nine have identified members in the repertoires of H. sapiens, D. melanogaster and A. thaliana. However, only three identified members in the cyclophilin repertoire of S. cerevisiae with SpCyp7 identifying a fourth protein that is not a member of the recognized repertoire due to its possession of a degenerate prolyl-isomerase domain. The cyclophilin repertoire of Sz. pombe therefore represents a better model group for the study of cyclophilin function in the higher eukaryotes. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.