A rapid and sensitive non-radioactive method applicable for genome-wide analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes involved in small RNA biology

Authors

  • Jingyan Wu,

    1. Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    2. Center for RNA Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
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  • Hsiao-Yun Huang,

    1. Graduate Program in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    2. Center for RNA Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
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  • Anita K. Hopper

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for RNA Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    • Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
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Correspondence to: A. K. Hopper, Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

E-mail: hopper.64@osu.edu

Abstract

Conventional isolation and detection methods for small RNAs from yeast cells have been designed for a limited number of samples. In order to be able to conduct a genome-wide assessment of how each gene product impacts upon small RNAs, we developed a rapid method for analysing small RNAs from Saccharomyces cerevisiae wild-type (wt) and mutants cells in the deletion and temperature-sensitive (ts) collections. Our method implements three optimized techniques: a procedure for growing small yeast cultures in 96-deepwell plates, a fast procedure for small RNA isolation from the plates, and a sensitive non-radioactive northern method for RNA detection. The RNA isolation procedure requires only 4 h for processing 96 samples, is highly reproducible and yields RNA of good quality and quantity. The non-radioactive northern method employs digoxigenin (DIG)-labelled DNA probes and chemiluminescence. It detects femtomole levels of small RNAs within 1 min exposure time. We minimized the processing time for large-scale analysis and optimized the stripping and reprobing procedures for analyses of multiple RNAs from a single membrane. The method described is rapid, sensitive, safe and cost-effective for genome-wide screens of novel genes involved in the biogenesis, subcellular trafficking and stability of small RNAs. Moreover, it will be useful to educational laboratory class venues and to research institutions with limited access to radioisotopes or robots. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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